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24 April

1184BCE – Traditional date of Fall of Troy (Trojan War). https://youtu.be/Rqy-F5ib1nU http://www.ancient.eu.com/Trojan_War/

858 – Rome – Nicholas I became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Nicholas_I

871 – England – Alfred the Great, 5th son of Æthelwulf, became king, calls himself ‘King of the Anglo Saxons.’ http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=alfred

1547 – Holy Roman Empire – Battle of Mühlberg (Schmalkaldic War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_M%C3%BChlberg

1585 – Rome – Cardinal Felice Peretti became Pope Sixtus V. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Sixtus_V

1704 – USA – News-Letter first published in Boston, Massachusetts. http://www.celebrateboston.com/first/newspaper.htm

1771 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw, epicentre near Yaeyama Islands, followed by tsunami. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1771_Great_Yaeyama_Tsunami

1800 – USA – US Library of Congress established. http://www.loc.gov/about/history-of-the-library/

1815 – Ottoman Empire – Second Serbian Uprising began (Serbian Revolution). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Serbian_Uprising

1877 – Balkans/Armenia – Russo-Turkish War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russo-Turkish_War_(1877%E2%80%9378)


1885 – USA – Annie Oakley hired as part of Buffalo Bill’s Wild West. https://youtu.be/fwlgmXHAXxg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annie_Oakley


1895 – USA – Joshua Slocum began his solo sailing trip around the world from Boston, Massachusetts. https://youtu.be/iciZer5cbJ8 http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/spray.htm

1907 – USA – Hesheypark opened. https://patriciahysell.wordpress.com/2011/04/24/hersheys-park/

1913 – USA – Woolworth Building skyscraper opened in New York. http://www.skyscraper.org/EXHIBITIONS/WOOLWORTH/woolworth.htm

1914 – Germany – Franck-Hertz experiment presented to German Physical Society. https://youtu.be/3aIl3NBr2rc  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franck%E2%80%93Hertz_experiment

1915 – Ottoman Empire – Armenian Genocide began. https://youtu.be/WLyrpaTKCCE WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_Genocide

1916 – Ireland – Easter Rising began. https://youtu.be/V5e3mJxpajc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/easterrising/insurrection/index.shtml

1918 – France – First tank to tank combat in Villers-Bretonneux started (WWI). http://www.museeaustralien.com/downloads/The%20battle%20of%20Villers.pdf  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_Villers-Bretonneux

1922 – UK/Egypt – First segment of Imperial Wireless Chain between Leafield, Oxfordshire and Cairo started operation. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_Wireless_Chain

1926 – Germany – Treaty of Berlin signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Berlin_(1926)

1933 – Germany – Nazis shut down Watch Tower Society office in Magdeburg. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persecution_of_Jehovah%27s_Witnesses_in_Nazi_Germany

1942 – Burma – Battle of Hopong-Taunggyi ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yunnan-Burma_Road

1942 – UK – Baedeker Blitz – German bombers hit Exeter (2nd time) (WWII). http://demolition-exeter.blogspot.co.uk/2010/10/exeter-is-jewel-of-west-and-we-have_16.html

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Rostock (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – India – USAAF plane crashed near Latti, Arunachal Pradesh State, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430424-0

1944 – Greece – Raid on Santorini (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raid_on_Santorini

1944 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Münich (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – India – USAAF plane crashed near Imphal, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440424-0

1946 – USA – Western Air Lines plane crashed near Hollywood, CA, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460424-0

1948 – Russia – Aeroflot plane crashed near Mamakchana, 28 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480424-0

1951 – Algeria – L’Armée de L’Air plane crashed near Oran, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510424-0

1953 – UK – Winston Churchill knighted by Elizabeth II. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/churchill-knighted

1957 – USA – Operation Desert Rock VII & VIII began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desert_Rock_exercises

1965 – Domincan Republic – Civil War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dominican_Civil_War

1967 – Russia – Spacecraft Soyuz 1 crashed on return to earth, 1 killed. https://youtu.be/60sYdhhFkmc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/24/newsid_2523000/2523019.stm

1968 – Mauritius – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1970 – China – Satellite Dong Fang Hong I launched. http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1970-034A

1970 – The Gambia – Became a republic, Dawda Jawara became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawda_Jawara

1972 – Taiwan – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw, epicentre in Ruisui. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1972_Ruisui_earthquake

1980 – Iran – Operation Eagle Claw began (Iran Hostage Crisis). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Eagle_Claw

1984 – USA – Earthquake measuring 6.2Mw, epicentre in Morgan Hill, California. http://eps.berkeley.edu/~eps20/intensity/index2.php

1990 – USA – Hubble Space Telescope launched from Space Shuttle Discovery. http://hubblesite.org/the_telescope/hubble_essentials/


1990 – UK – Gruinard Island, Scotland, officially declared free of anthrax disease after 48 years of quarantine. https://youtu.be/6Mykjxkwwe0 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gruinard_Island

1993 – UK – IRA bomb exploded in Bishopsgate area of London (The Troubles). http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/24/newsid_2523000/2523345.stm

2006 – Nepal – King Gyanendra restored parliament.

2013 – Bangladesh – Building collapsed in Dhaka, 1129 killed. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/23/world/asia/report-on-bangladesh-building-collapse-finds-widespread-blame.html?_r=0

2013 – China – Bachu Unrest. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_2013_Bachu_unrest

York

1665 – George Dagnell and Robert Snowdon were executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf