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23 April

871 – England – Æthelred I died, aged 34. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=Ethelred


1014 – Ireland – Battle of Clontarf. https://youtu.be/aMRDyYzl39k  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Clontarf

1016 – England – Æthelred II the Unready died, aged about 48, Edmond II Ironside became King. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=ethelred2 http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edmund2

1343 – Estonia – St. George’s Night Uprising began. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._George%27s_Night_Uprising

1348 – England – Order of the Garter founded by Edward III. http://www.royal.gov.uk/monarchUK/honours/Orderofthegarter/orderofthegarter.aspx

1516 – Bavaria – The Reinheitsgebot adopted. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reinheitsgebot

1521 – Spain – Battle of Villalar. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Villalar

1635 – America – Boston Latin School founded. http://www.bls.org/apps/pages/index.jsp?uREC_ID=206116&type=d

1655 – Hispaniola – Siege of Santo Domingo began (Anglo-Spanish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Santo_Domingo_(1655)

1660 – Prussia – Treaty of Oliva signed (Second Northern War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Oliva

1661 – England – Coronation of Charles II at Westminster Abbey. http://www.pepys.info/coronation.html

1879 – France – Fire at University of Notre Dame. http://www.archives.nd.edu/about/news/index.php/2014/1879-fire/#.WPw-PuQ2zIU

1880 – UK – William Ewart Gladstone became Prime Minister (Liberal). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/william-ewart-gladstone

1932 – Netherlands – Molen de Adriaan Windmill, Haarlem burned down. http://www.holland.com/global/tourism/article/molen-de-adriaan.htm


1940 – USA – Fire at Rhythm Night Club, Natchez, Mississippi, 198 killed. http://youtu.be/bi0TDtbw6Ro  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhythm_Club_fire

1942 – UK – Baedeker Blitz – German bombers hit Exeter (1st time) (WWII). http://www.movinghistory.ac.uk/homefront/films/sw1.html

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Rostock (WWII).

1945 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Lübeck (WWII).

http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1945 – Bangladesh – USAAF plane crashed at Rumkhapalong, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450423-1

1948 – Russia – Aeroflot plane crashed, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480423-0

1949 – Chinese – People’s Liberation Army Navy established (Chinese Civil War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People%27s_Liberation_Army_Navy

1953 – USA – American Air Transport plane crashed near Selleck, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530423-0

1953 – USA – US Navy plane crashed near Chehalis, WA, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530423-1

1954 – Argentina – Aerolineas Argentinas plane crashed at Sierra del Vilgo, 25 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540423-0

1959 – Turkey – Air Charter plane crashed at Mount Süphan, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19590423-0

1967 – USSR – Soyuz 1 spacecraft launched. https://youtu.be/60sYdhhFkmc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.nasa.gov/topics/history/features/komarov.html


1968 – USA – Second Columbia University Protest against Vietnam War. https://youtu.be/BUcYLuGiL_s WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbia_University_protests_of_1968

1971 – East Pakistan – Jathibhanga Massacre, 3000+ killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jathibhanga_massacre

1990 – Namibia – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1993 – Sri Lanka – President Lalith Athulathmudali assassinated. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lalith_Athulathmudali

1997 – Algeria – Omaria massacre, 42 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omaria_massacre

2000 – Sri Lanka – Second Battle of Elephant Pass ended (Sri Lankan Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_Elephant_Pass

2013 – Iraq – Hawija Clashes began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_Hawija_clashes

York

1590 – George Wynch and Peter de Ramus were executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

1624 – Richard Bell was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1641 – John Taylor was executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

1825 – Richard Holderness was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1938 – Castle Museum opened. http://www.historyofyork.org.uk/themes/20th-century/york-castle-museum