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22 April

238 – Roman Empire – Caesar Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus Augustus proclaimed Co Roman Emperor with Caesar Decimus Caelius Calvinus Balbinus Pius Augustus and  Caesar Marcus Antonius Gordianus Augustus. http://www.roman-empire.net/decline/pupienus.html http://www.roman-empire.net/decline/balbinus.html http://www.roman-empire.net/decline/decl-index.html

296 – Rome – Pope Caius died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Caius

536 – Rome – Pope Agapetus I died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Agapetus_I

1073 – Rome – Hildebrand of Soana became Pope Gregory VII. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Gregory_VII

1529 – Spain – Treaty of Zaragoza signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Zaragoza

1622 – Persia – Capture of Ormuz ended. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capture_of_Ormuz_(1622)

1809 – Bavaria – Battle of Eckmühl ended (War of the Fifth Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Eckm%C3%BChl

1864 – USA – Coinage Act mandate that ‘In God We Trust’ inscription be on all coins of US currency. http://www.treasury.gov/about/education/Pages/in-god-we-trust.aspx

1876 – USA – First National League baseball game played in Philadelphia. http://sabr.org/gamesproj/game/april-22-1876-new-age-begins-inaugural-national-league-game


1889 – USA – Land Run – Oklahoma City and Guthrie formed. https://youtu.be/l3qpVkZkGes http://urbanplanning.library.cornell.edu/DOCS/landrush.htm

1906 – Greece – Intercalated Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Athens. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1906_Intercalated_Games

1911 – China – Tsinghua University founded. http://www.tsinghua.edu.cn/publish/then/5779/#

1912 – Russia – Pravda first published in St. Petersburg. http://www.library.ucsb.edu/research/db/1479


1915 – Belgium – Second Battle of Ypres began (WWI). https://youtu.be/rcUaNw4XZK0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_Ypres

1930 – UK – London Naval Treaty signed. http://www.icrc.org/applic/ihl/ihl.nsf/Treaty.xsp?action=openDocument&documentId=32C5DA6C8C43775AC12563CD002D69CC

1940 – UK – BOAC plane crashed near Loch Lomond, Scotland, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19400422-0

1941 – Brazil – Fuerza Aérea Colombiana plane crashed near Río Putumayo, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19410422-0

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Köln (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1942 – Norway – Luftwaffe plane crashed at Breitind, Reipa, Nordland, 18 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420422-1

1943 – Papua New Guinea – Qantas plane crashed near Port Moresby, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430422-1

1944 – Papua New Guinea – Operation Persecution (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landing_at_Aitape

1944 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Brunswick, J bomb used for first time (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1945 – Croatia – Prisoners of Jasenovac Concentration Camp revolted, 520 killed (WWII). http://www.jasenovac.org/whatwasjasenovac.php

1946 – Nicaragua – TACA de Nicaragua plane crashed at La Libertad Airport, 21 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460422-0

1947 – USA – Delta Air Lines plane crashed at Columbus, GA, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470422-0

1948 – Mandatory Palestine – Battle of Haifi ended (Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Haifa_(1948)

1951 – South Korea – Battle of Kapyong began (Korean War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kapyong

1954 – USA – USAF plane crashed near Beulaville, NC, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540422-0

1966 – USA – American Flyers Flight 280 crashed near Ardmore Municipal Airport, Oklahoma, 83 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19660422-0

1969 – UK – Robin Knox-Johnston completed first solo non-stop circumnavigation of world. http://www.robinknox-johnston.co.uk/da/20082

1974 – Bali – Pan Am Flight 812 crashed near Denpasar, 107 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19740422-0


1992 – Mexico – Explosion in Guadalajara, 206 killed. https://youtu.be/odefOwa8XQ8 http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/sewers-explode-in-guadalajara

1992 – USA – Earthquake measuring 6.1Mw, epicentre in Joshua Tree, California. https://www.eeri.org/lfe/pdf/USA_CA_JoshuaTree_Insert_Jun92.pdf

1997 – Algeria – Haouch Khemisti massacre, 93 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haouch_Khemisti_massacre

1998 – USA  – Animal Kingdom opened at Disney World. http://disneyparks.disney.go.com/blog/2011/04/this-day-in-disney-history-disneys-animal-kingdom-opened-in-1998/

2000 – Sri Lanka – Second Battle of Elephant Pass began (Sri Lankan Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_Elephant_Pass

2000 – UK – Changes to telephone dialing codes. http://www.telephonesuk.co.uk/history.htm

2004 – North Korea – 2 fuel trains collided in Ryongchon, 150 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/3649655.stm

2005 – Japan – Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi apologized for war record. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2005/apr/22/japan.china

2013 – Russia – Belgorod Shooting, 6 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-22251836

2014 – Democratic Republic of the Congo – Train derailed in Katanga Province, 60+ killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-27133215

York

1644 – Siege of York began. http://bcw-project.org/military/english-civil-war/northern-england/the-york-march

1650 – Richard Thomas, George Harrison and Mary Pope were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1826 – Peter Little and Joseph Lee alias Lees were executed at gallows behind Castle Walls

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1878 – Foundation stone of the Fine Art and Industrial Exhibition building laid by the Lord Mayor. http://www.simpsonandbrown.co.uk/files/image/HeritageConsultancy/11-12-12_YorkArtGallery_ConservationStatement_Revised_LowRes.pdf