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2 April

999 – Rome – Gerbert d’Aurillac became Pope Sylvester II. First French Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Sylvester_II

1285 – Rome – Giacomo Savelli became Pope Honorius IV. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Honorius_IV

1318 – Scotland/England – Berwick on Tweed captured by the Scottish (First War of Scottish Independence). http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.co.uk/2009/05/siege-of-berwick-and-chapter-of-myton.html

1755 – India – Battle of Severndroog Castle. http://www.severndroogcastle.org.uk/battle-of-severndroog.html

1762 – Bay of Bengal – Earthquake measuring 8.8Mw, 200 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/learn/today/index.php?month=4&day=2&submit=View+Date

1783 – GB – William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland became Prime Minister (Whig). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/william-bentinck-duke-of-portland

1792 – USA – Coinage Act passed, US Mint established. http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llsl&fileName=001/llsl001.db&recNum=369

1801 – Denmark – Battle of Copenhagen (War of Second Coalition).  http://www.britishbattles.com/waterloo/battle-copenhagen.htm

1825 – Burma – Battle of Danubyu ended (First Anglo-Burmese War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Anglo-Burmese_War#Battle_of_Danubyu_.28March.E2.80.93April_1825.29

1851 – Siam – Coronation of Mongkut (Rama IV). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongkut

1863 – USA – Bread Riot in Richmond Virginia. http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/bread_riot_Richmond

1865 – USA – Petersburg Breakthrough (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/petersburg-breakthrough.html

1868 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.9Mw, epicentre in Kau, Hawaii, followed by tsunami, 77 killed. http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/volcanowatch/archive/1994/94_04_01.html

1885 – Canada – Frog Lake Massacre, 9 killed (North-West Rebellion). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frog_Lake_Massacre

1902 – USA – Electric Theatre opened in Los Angeles, California. http://blog.timesunion.com/movies/first-movie-theater-opened-111-years-ago-today/9440/

1911 – Australia – First National Census.  http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/mf/2112.0

1912 – UK – HMS Titanic began sea trials. http://www.titanicbelfast.com/Discover/On-This-Day.aspx

1918 – Azerbaijan – March Days ended (Russian Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/March_Days

1930 – Ethiopia – Haile Selassie became Emperor. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haile_Selassie

1944 – Pacific Ocean – USAAF plane missing, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440402-1

1945 – USSR/Brazil – Diplomatic relations established.

1954 – Saudi Arabia – RAF plane crashed at Jebel al Lawz, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540402-0

1955 – USA – Aaxico Airlines plane crashed off Pensacola, FL, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550402-1

1956 – USA – Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 2 ditched into Puget Sounds, Washington, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19560402-0

1962 – UK – First official “Panda Crossing” opened outside Waterloo Station, London. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/2/newsid_2840000/2840919.stm

1968 – South Vietnam – Operation Truong Cong Dinh ended (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Truong_Cong_Dinh

1969 – Poland – LOT Polish Airlines Flight 165 crashed near Zawoja, 53 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19690402-1

1975 – Canada – CN Tower completed (including Antenna) in Toronto, Ontario. http://www.torontoplace.com/attractions/CNtower.htm

1979 – USSR – Sverdlovsk anthrax leak. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sverdlovsk_anthrax_leak


1982 – Falkland Islands – Invaded by Argentina, Falklands War began. https://youtu.be/U3sZMYfcu6s http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/guides/457000/457033/html/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Falklands_War

1986 – Greece – TWA Flight 840 bomb exploded, landed at Athens but 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19860402-1 http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/2/newsid_4357000/4357159.stm

1989 – Cuba – Mikhail Gorbachev arrived in Havana, for talks with Fidel Castro.

1991 – Canada – Rita Johnston became first female Premier of British Columbia. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/rita-johnston/

1992 – France – Paralympic V Winter Games Closing Ceremony in Tignes-Albertville. http://www.paralympic.org/tignes-albertville-1992

2002 – Palestine – Siege of Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem began. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/1950331.stm

2005 – Rome – Pope John Paul II died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_John_Paul_II

2006 – USA – 60+ Tornadoes break out, 29 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_2,_2006_tornado_outbreak

2012 – Russia – UTair Flight 120 crashed near Tyumen Airport, 33 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17580917 http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20120402-0

2012 – USA – Oikos University Shooing, 7 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oikos_University_shooting

2014 – USA – Fort Hood Shooting, 4 killed. http://www.foxnews.com/us/2014/04/07/fort-hood-shooter-snapped-over-denial-request-for-leave-army-confirms.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2014_Fort_Hood_shooting

2015 – Kenya – Garissa University College Shooting, 152 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garissa_University_College_attack

York

1578 – William Henry Boyle was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1600 – George Wolstenholme, Esq, Thomas Wilson, Esq, Richard Thomas, James Norrison, Robert Noke, Francis Mitchel and Henry Hutchinson were executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

1628 – Robert Storie was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1652 – George Johnson, Luke Hinderson, Elizabeth Anderson and Mary Ellison were executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

1660 – Michael R Linop, O. Williams and T.P. Reynolds were executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1694 – Fire broke out at premises of Charles Hall, Flax dresser, High Street, spread to other houses.

1774 – George Belt was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1785 – Joseph Clough and William Riley were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1803 – Robert Burgess was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

1828 – William and John Dyon were executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

1830 – Trial of William Shaw for the murder of Rachel Crosley (executed 5 April).

1836 – Charles Batty was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf