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18 April

796 – Northumbria – Æthelred I murdered at Corbridge, Osbald became King. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%86thelred_I_of_Northumbria http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osbald_of_Northumbria

1025 – Poland – Coronation of Boleslaw Chrobry. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boles%C5%82aw_I_Chrobry

1518 – Poland – Coronation of Bona Sforza. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bona_Sforza

1689 – America – Boston Revolt (Glorious Revolution). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1689_Boston_revolt

1689 – Ireland – Siege of Derry began (Williamite War in Ireland). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Derry

1738 – Spain – Royal Academy of History founded in Madrid. http://www.scholarly-societies.org/history/1738rah.html

1797 – Germany – Battle of Neuwied. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Neuwied_(1797)

1807 – UK – Harwich Ferry Disaster, 90 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harwich_ferry_disaster

1831 – USA – University of Alabama founded. http://www.ua.edu/history.html

1835 – UK – William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne became Prime Minister (Whig). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/william-lamb-2nd-viscount-melbourne

1847 – Mexico – Battle of Cerro Gordo (Mexican-American War). http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/cerro-gordo.htm

1848 – Punjab Region – Second Anglo-Sikh War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Anglo-Sikh_War

1864 – Denmark – Battle of Dybbøl ended (Second Schleswig War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Dybb%C3%B8l

1880 – USA – Tornado hit Marshfield, Missouri, 99 killed. http://www3.gendisasters.com/missouri/21391/marshfield-mo-tornado-apr-1880

1899 – Scotland – St. Andrew’s Ambulance Association granted Royal Charter. http://www.firstaid.org.uk/our-history

1902 – Guatemala – Earthquake measuring 7.5MW, epicentre in Quzaltenago. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1902_Guatemala_earthquake


1906 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.8Mw, epicentre in San Francisco, 3,000 killed. https://youtu.be/PDZ-Wy4UagM  https://youtu.be/6TaxcXfSwdE WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.archives.gov/legislative/features/sf/


1912 – USA – Titanic Survivors landed in New York City on RMS Carpathia. https://youtu.be/05o7sOAjtXE WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/titanic-survivors/

1923 – USA – Yankee Stadium opened. https://youtu.be/YR3T9wyLqyc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yankee_Stadium_(1923)

1930 – UK – The BBC announced “there was no news” in the evening report. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-39633603

1941 – Yugoslavia – Invasion of Yugoslavia ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Invasion_of_Yugoslavia


1942 – Japan – Doolittle Raid on Tokyo (WWII). https://youtu.be/-yXzYxUC93A WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.uss-hornet.org/history/wwii/doolittle.shtml


1943 – South Pacific – Operation Vengeance (WWII). https://youtu.be/3Wza-3AdxnE WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Vengeance

1944 – Germany – RAAF bombers attacked Helgoland (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1945 – USA – USAAF plane crashed at Austin-Bergstrom Field, TX, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450418-4

1945 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Burnet, TX, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450418-5

1948 – Papua New Guinea – Guinea Air Traders plane crashed near Lae Airfield, 37 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480418-0

1949 – Republic of Ireland – Formed from 26 counties of Irish Free State. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/Geo6/12-13-14/41/contents

1952 – USA – Robin Airways Fight 416W crashed near Whittier, CA, 29 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520418-0

1955 – Cameroon – Union Aéromaritime de Transport plane crashed at Mount Kupe, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550418-0

1955 – Indonesia – Bandung Conference (first Asian-African Conference) began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bandung_Conference


1956 – Monaco – Grace Kelly married Prince Rainier (Civil Service). https://youtu.be/YiOKFzRHm14 http://people.com/royals/inside-grace-kellys-fairytale-wedding-to-prince-rainer-61-years-later/

1956 – Brazil – Panair do Brasil plane crashed at Parintins, AM, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19560418-0

1960 – South Korea – April Revolution began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_Revolution

1974 – UK – Court Line Flight 95 collided with a Piper Aztec at Luton Airport, London, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19740418-0

1980 – Zimbabwe – Independence from UK.  http://www.naa.gov.au/collection/fact-sheets/fs263.aspx

1983 – Lebanon – US Embassy bombing, Beirut, 63 killed (Lebanese Civil War). https://www.cia.gov/news-information/featured-story-archive/2014-featured-story-archive/flashback-april-18-1983-u-s-embassy-bombed-in-beirut.html

1988 – Persian Gulf – Operation Praying Moantis (Iran-Iraq War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Praying_Mantis

1996 – Lebanon – Shelling of Qana, 106 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/5228554.stm

2007 – Iraq – Baghdad Bombing, 198 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/6567329.stm

2010 – Afghanistan – Earthquake measuring 5.6Mw, 11 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_Afghanistan_earthquake

2013 – Iraq – Baghdad Bombing, 27 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/18_April_2013_Baghdad_bombing


2014 – Nepal – Avalanche at Mount Everest, 16 killed. https://youtu.be/Apk8xyyaDPs WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/04/140418-everest-avalanche-sherpa-killed-mountain/

2015 – USA – Baltimore Protests began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2015_Baltimore_protests

York

1767 – Matthew Young and Richard Clark were executed at Tyburn Gallows.       http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf