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17 April

69 – Roman Empire – Aulis Vitellius Germanicus Augustus became Roman Emperor. http://www.roman-empire.net/emperors/vitellius.html

858 – Rome – Pope Benedict III died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Benedict_III

1080 – Denmark – Harald III died, Canute IV became King. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harald_III_of_Denmark  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canute_IV_of_Denmark

1797 – Puerto Rico – Battle of San Juan began (French Revolutionary Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_San_Juan_(1797)

1797 – Italy – Veronese Easter Rebellion began. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Veronese_Easter

1814 – France – Peninsula War ended. http://www.peninsularwar.org/penwar_e.htm

1863 – USA – Grierson’s Raid began (American Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grierson%27s_Raid

1864 – USA – Battle of Plymouth began (American Civil War). http://ncpedia.org/plymouth-battle

1895 – Japan – First Sino-Japanese War ended with signing of Treaty of Shimonoseki. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Shimonoseki  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Sino-Japanese_War

1897 – USA – UFO incident in Aurora, Texas. https://youtu.be/3w4LPbH6eok WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurora,_Texas,_UFO_incident

1912 – Siberia – Lena Massacre, 150 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lena_massacre

1936 – Switzerland – Deutsche Lufthansa plane crashed at Orvin, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19360417-0

1940 – Norway – Luftwaffe plane crashed at Langevannet, Fosselandsheia, Vest-Agder,17 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19400417-0

1942 – Burma – Battle of Pyinmana began (Yunnan-Burma Road Campaign – WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yunnan-Burma_Road

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Augsburg & Hamburg (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – Serbia – Deutsche Lufthansa  plane crashed near Belgrade, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440417-1

1944 – UK – RAF plane crashed at Montgomery Rock, Lough Erne, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440417-0

1945 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Helgoland (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1945 – Italy – Montese liberated by Brazilian forces (WWII).

1951 – UK – The Peak District became first National Park. http://www.peakdistrict.gov.uk/learning-about/secondary-resources/factsheets/factsheet01-peak-district-national-park

1961 – Cuba – Bay of Pigs invasion began (Cold War). https://youtu.be/hV3WKAeaZl0 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.history.com/topics/cold-war/bay-of-pigs-invasion https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bay_of_Pigs_Invasion


1964 – USA – Jerrie Mock became first woman to circumnavigate the world by air. https://youtu.be/_6tkaxIUHGM  http://blog.nasm.si.edu/aviation/celebrating-jerrie-mock-the-first-woman-to-fly-around-the-world/

1969 – USA – Sirhan Sirhan convicted of assassinating Robert F Kennedy. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sirhan_Sirhan

1970 – USA – Apollo 13 returned. https://youtu.be/hWd_mmYsEQk http://apollo13.spacelog.org/

1975 – Cambodia – Civil War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambodian_Civil_War

1984 – UK – Police Constable Yvonne Fletcher killed outside Libyan People’s Bureau in London. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/17/newsid_2488000/2488369.stm

1986 – Isles of Scilly/Netherlands – 335 Years’ War ended. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_Hundred_and_Thirty_Five_Years%27_War

1992 – Mozambique – The Katina P ran aground off Maputo, 60,000 tons of crude oil spilled into ocean. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Katina_P

2006 – Israel – Shawarma Restaurant Bombing in Tel Aviv, 11 killed. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2006/apr/18/israel

2012 – Chile – Earthquake measuring 6.7Mw, epicentre offshore of Valparaiso, 1 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2012/usc00095a2/


2013 – USA – Explosion at West Fertilizer Company, 15 killed. https://youtu.be/pdDuHxwD5R4  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Fertilizer_Company_explosion

York

1790 – John Stevens, Thomas Lastley, George Moore, Edward Williams, John Gill alias Best and James Hartley were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1851 – Ann Turner and Ann Robinson in court for fighting in Bedern, Oswald Barker for assault.