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15 April

136BC – Babylon – Solar eclipse observed. http://www.phenomena.org.uk

1071 – Italy – Siege of Bari ended (Byzantine-Norman Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Bari

1185 – England – Earthquake, epicentre in East Midlands. http://www.quakes.bgs.ac.uk/historical/query_eq/

1395 – Mongol Empire – Battle of Terek River (Tokhtamysh-Tumar War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Terek_River

1450 – France – Battle of Formigny (Hundred Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Formigny

1632 – Bavaria – Battle of Rain (Thirty Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Rain

1638 – Japan – Shimabara Rebellion ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shimabara_Rebellion

1642 – Ireland – Battle of Kilrush (Irish Confederate Wars). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kilrush

1715 – America – Pocotaligo Massacre (Yamasee War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yamasee_War#Pocotaligo_massacre


1738 – GB – George Fredric Handel’s opera ‘Serse’ premiered in London. https://youtu.be/WH7GSJoDUDM https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serse

1755 – GB – Samuel Johnson’s ‘Dictionary of the English Language’ published in London. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Dictionary_of_the_English_Language

1817 – USA – American School for the Deaf founded in Hartland, Connecticut. http://www.asd-1817.org/page.cfm?p=429


1865 – USA – President Abraham Lincoln died. Andrew Johnson became President (Democratic). https://youtu.be/fZH-wJvl3-I http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/abrahamlincoln http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/andrewjohnson

1885 – Canada – Battle of Fort Pitt (North-West Rebellion). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fort_Pitt

1892 – USA – General Electric Company formed. http://www.ge.com/about-us/history/thomas-edison


1896 – Greece – I Summer Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in Athens. https://youtu.be/alforKLI6Zc http://www.olympic.org/athens-1896-summer-olympics

1898 – USA – Earthquake measuring 6.8Mw, epicentre in Mendocino County, California. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1898_04_15.php

1900 – Philippines – Siege of Catubig began (Philippine-American War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Catubig


1912 – North Atlantic – RMS Titanic sank, 1,517 killed. https://youtu.be/Yar9Xm3DNso WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.titanicfacts.net/

1922 – Monaco – Second Women’s Olympiad began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1922_Women%27s_Olympiad


1927 – USA – Mississippi Flood. https://youtu.be/oNrON-sjXrI http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2001/05/0501_river4.html

1935 – USA – Roerich Pact signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roerich_Pact

1936 – Mandatory Palestine – Arab Revolt began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1936%E2%80%9339_Arab_revolt_in_Palestine#Outcome

1936 – Ireland – Aer Lingus airways founded. http://corporate.aerlingus.com/companyprofile/history/

1939 – Columbia – South American Gulf Oil Company plane crashed near El Carmen, Santander, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19390415-0

1940 – Norway – Battle of Hegra Fortress began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hegra_Fortress

1941 – Mexico – Earthquake measuring 7.7Mw, epicentre in Michoacán, 90 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1941_Colima_earthquake

1941 – Ireland – Belfast Blitz, 1000 killed (second raid). https://youtu.be/NQG7txttsfc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/yourplaceandmine/topics/war/belfastblitz//index.shtml

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Dortmund (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database


1942 – Malta – Awarded the George Cross. https://youtu.be/VV4LjvXW1zE http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/15/newsid_3530000/3530301.stm http://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20120415/life-features/George-Cross-awarded-to-Malta-70-years-ago-today.415609

1944 – Brazil – RAF plane crashed near Acu, RN, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440415-1

1945 – Germany – Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp liberated by British troops (WWII). http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/15/newsid_3557000/3557341.stm

1948 – Ireland – Pan Am Flight 1010, crashed at Shannon Airport, 30 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480415-0

1950 – Colombia – LANSA plane crashed near Pinto, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500415-0

1952 – China – Battle of Nanri Island ended (Chinese Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Nanri_Island

1969 – North Korea – US Navy plane shot down near Chongjin, 31 killed (Korean Conflict). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19690415-0

1979 – Yugoslavia – Earthquake measuring 7.0 Mw, epicentre in Herceg Novi, 136 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1979_Montenegro_earthquake

1986 – Libya – Bombing of Libya by US forces. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1986_United_States_bombing_of_Libya

1989 – Republic of China – Tiananmen Square protests began. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiananmen_Square_protests_of_1989


1989 – UK – Hillsborough Stadium disaster, Sheffield, 96 killed. https://youtu.be/d_PA7YlJAHY WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7992845.stm  http://www.liverpoolfc.com/history/hillsborough/april-15-1989

1994 – Morocco – Marrakesh Agreement signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marrakesh_Agreement

2002 – South Korea – Air China Flight 129 crashed near Pusan-Kinhae Airport, 129 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/1931524.stm http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20020415-0

2008 – Democratic Republic of the Congo – Hewa Bora Airways Flight 122 at Goma, 44 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20080415-0

2009 – Russia – Second Chechen War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Chechen_War


2013 – USA – Boston Marathon Bombing, 2 killed. https://youtu.be/HS-1h9DDBrY WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/04/15/us/site-of-the-boston-marathon-explosion.html?ref=us&_r=0

2014 – South Sudan – Bentiu Massacre (South Sudanese Civil War). http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-27102643  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2014_Bentiu_massacre