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14 April

43BCE – Roman Republic – Battle of Forum Gallorum. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Forum_Gallorum

69 – Roman Empire – First Battle of Bedriacum. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bedriacum

911 – Rome – Pope Sergius III died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Sergius_III

1028 – Germany – Henry III became King. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_III,_Holy_Roman_Emperor

1205 – Turkey – Battle of Adrianople (Bulgarian-Latin Wars). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Adrianople_(1205)

1434 – France – Foundation stone of Cathedral St Peter and St Paul, Nantes, laid. http://www.virtualtourist.com/travel/Europe/France/Pays_de_la_Loire/Nantes-100955/Things_To_Do-Nantes-La_Cathedrale_Saint_Pierre_et_Saint_Paul_de_Nantes-BR-1.html


1471 – England – Battle of Barnet (War of Roses). https://youtu.be/dqxSdZ7bF8E http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/warsoftheroses/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=5

1639 – Germany – Battle of Chemnitz (Thirty Year’s War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chemnitz

1715 – America – Yamasee War began in South Carolina. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yamasee_War http://freepages.military.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~jmh4/yamaseewar/yamaseewar.htm

1775 – America – Society for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage established in Philadelphia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pennsylvania_Abolition_Society

1816 – Barbados (British Ruled) – Bussa led a slave rebellion and was killed. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/lessons/lesson52.htm

1831 – UK – Broughton Suspension Bridge in Manchester collapsed. http://www.information-britain.co.uk/famdates.php?id=923

1860 – USA – First Pony Express rider reached Sacramento, California.

1861 – USA – Battle of Fort Sumter ended (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/fort-sumter.html


1865 – USA – President Abraham Lincoln shot in Ford’s Theatre by John Wilkes Booth. https://youtu.be/YXyshykSu_0 http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/alhtml/alrintr.html

1881 – USA – The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight, El Paso, Texas. http://shotgunborivers.com/2013/07/15/four-dead-in-five-seconds-story-of-dallas-stoudenmire/


1912 – North Atlantic – RMS Titanic hit an iceberg. https://youtu.be/FSGeskFzE0s http://www.titanicandco.com/iceberg.html

1927 – Sweden – First Volvo Car premiered in Gothenburg.

1931 – Spain – King Alfonso XIII deposed, 2nd Spanish Republic proclaimed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_XIII_of_Spain

1931 – UK – First edition of Highway Code published. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/history-of-road-safety-and-the-driving-test/history-of-road-safety-the-highway-code-and-the-driving-test


1935 – USA – Black Sunday Storm. https://youtu.be/1OdDieuD1OA  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Sunday_(storm)

1940 – Norway – Luftwaffe plane shot down at Lillehammer, Oppland, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19400414-0

1940 – Norway – Luftwaffe plane shot down at Graberget, Dombas, Oppland, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19400414-2

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Dortmund (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database


1942 – Malta – Received the George Cross for gallantry (WWII). https://youtu.be/VV4LjvXW1zE http://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20120415/life-features/George-Cross-awarded-to-Malta-70-years-ago-today.415609


1944 – India (British) – Cargo ship Fort Stikine Exploded in Bombay Harbour, 300 killed. (WWII). https://youtu.be/GuD3esOUlvc  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1944_Bombay_explosion http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?149559

1945 – Croatia – Osijek liberated.

1945 – USA – Pennsylvania-Central Airlines Flight 142 crashed near Morgantown, 20 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450414-0

1948 – Mexico – Israeli Air Force plane crashed at Mexico City, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480414-0

1953 – India – Airways India plane crashed near Guwahati, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530414-0

1953 – USA – Miami Airline plane crashed near Selleck, WA, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530414-1

1956 – USA – Videotape first demonstrated in Chicago, Illinois. http://www.historyofrecording.com/ampexvrx1000aniv.html

1965 – Jersey – British United Airways Flight 1030X crashed at Jersey Airport, 26 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19650414-0

1967 – Togo – President Nicolas Grunitzky overthrown by Gnassingbé Eyadéma. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gnassingb%C3%A9_Eyad%C3%A9ma

1986 – Bangladesh – 1 kg (2.2lb) hailstones fell on Gopalganj district, 92 killed. http://www.historychannel.com.au/classroom/day-in-history/548/heaviest-hailstones-ever

1994 – Iraq – US Army helicopter shot down by ‘friendly fire’, 26 killed (Operation Provide Comfort). http://www.gao.gov/assets/160/156037.pdf


1999 – Australia – Severe hailstorm in Sidney. https://youtu.be/w0zOhjSeNyc https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1999_Sydney_hailstorm

2002 – Venezuela – President Hugo Chávez returned to office. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugo_Ch%C3%A1vez

2005 – USA – Oregon Supreme Court nullified marriage licenses issued to gay couples the previous year by Multnomah County.

2010 – China – Earthquake measuring 6.9Mw, eoicentre in Yushu, Qinghai, 2,698 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_Yushu_earthquake

2014 – Nigeria – School abduction & hostage. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-27293418

York

1516 – Margaret, Queen Dowager of Scotland arrived in York, on way to London to visit Henry VIII, stayed at St. Mary’s Abbey.

1804 – Joseph Waller was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

1821 – Michael Shaw was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf