***
Download the latest Newsletter for FREE**** Check Out the NEW Talks Available

12 April

240 – Persia – Coronation of Shapur I. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shapur_I

352 – Rome – Pope Julius I died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Julius_I

467 – Roman Empire – Procopius Anthemius Augustus appointed Roman Emperor (west). http://www.roman-empire.net/collapse/anthemius.html

1167 – Sweden – Charles VII assassinated. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_VII_of_Sweden

1557 – Ecuador – Cuenca founded. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuenca,_Ecuador

1587 – Spain, Algarve, Azores, Portugal – Singeing the King of Spain’s Beard began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singeing_the_King_of_Spain%27s_Beard

1606 – England/Scotland/Wales – First Union Flag adopted. http://www.know-britain.com/general/union_jack.html

1782 – America – Battle of the Saintes ended (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Saintes

1807 – Malta – Frobert Mutiny ended (Napoleonic War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Froberg_mutiny

1831 – UK – Broughton Suspension Bridge collapsed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broughton_Suspension_Bridge#1831_collapse

1861 – USA – American Civil War began. https://youtu.be/ra92M3favxs  http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/civil-war-overview/overview.html

1861 – USA – Battle of Fort Sumter began (American Civil War). https://youtu.be/39OnfpVkP_0 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/fort-sumter.html


1862 – USA – The Great Locomotive Chase (American Civil War). https://youtu.be/NpvxjlEz87s  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Locomotive_Chase


1864 – USA – Battle of Fort Pillow (American Civil War). https://youtu.be/2cCCFqQkdOQ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fort_Pillow

1910 – Austria-Hungary – SMS Zrinyi launched. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SMS_Zr%C3%ADnyi

1917 – France – Battle of Vimy Ridge ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Vimy_Ridge

1927 – China – Shanghai Massacre (Chinese Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shanghai_massacre_of_1927

1927 – USA – Rockspring, Texas hit by tornado, 72 killed. https://youtu.be/1M15DM-VMkQ http://www.ksat.com/weather/weather-101/surivor-of-1927-f5-tornado-in-rocksprings-recalls-harrowing-event


1928 – Ireland – The Bremen set off on first east to west transatlantic aeroplane flight, from Dublin. https://youtu.be/7t2TsCYECpo http://www.askaboutireland.ie/reading-room/environment-geography/transport/the-flight-of-the-bremen/the-first-east-to-west-tr/


1934 – USA – Auto-Lite strike began in Toledo. https://youtu.be/qeueq3AO2v4 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auto-Lite_strike

1939 – Albania – Italian Invasion ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_invasion_of_Albania

1941 – Hungary – Hungarian Air Force plane crashed at Veszprém, 23 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19410412-0

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Essen (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1942 – USA – Two US Navy planes crashed at Livermore Valley, California, 13 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420412-1 http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420412-2

1945 – USA – President Roosevelt died, Harry S Truman became President (Democratic).  http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/franklindroosevelt  http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/harrystruman

1952 – Bolivia – Bolivian National Revolution ended. http://www.historychannel.com.au/this-day-in-history/bolivian-national-revolution/


1961 – USSR – Vostok 1 launched, Yuri Gagarin became first human to travel into outer space. https://youtu.be/uUDyO3u0QYs https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vostok_1

1968 – USA – Nerve gas accident at Skull Valley, Utah. http://fas.org/cw/cwc_archive/CW_history/1968_NerveGas_utahsheep.pdf

1970 – France – Soviet submarine K8 sank in Bay of Biscay. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_submarine_K-8

1980 – Liberia – Samuel Kanyon Doe became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Doe


1981 – USA – First launch of Space Shuttle Columbia. https://youtu.be/Pt6Bt1pZ4Is http://www.nasa.gov/externalflash/the_shuttle/

1992 – France – Euro Disneyland officially opened. http://www.disneyholidays.co.uk/disneyland-paris/planning-holiday/history-euro-disney/

1998 – Slovenia – Earthquake measuring 5.6Mw, epicentre near Bovec.

2002 – Israel – Mahane Yehuda Market Bombing, 7 killed.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2002_Mahane_Yehuda_Market_bombing

2003 – Iraq – Battle of Baghdad ended (Invasion of Iraq). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Baghdad_(2003)

2007 – Iraq – Iraqi Parliament Bombing, 1 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/6550923.stm

2008 – Macquarie Island – Earthquake measuring 7.1Mw. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2008/us2008qtae/

2009 – Zimbabwe – Officially abandoned the Zimbabwe dollar. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/7859033.stm

2010 – Italy – Train derailed near Merano, 9 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/8615002.stm

2013 – Mali – Kidal Suicide Attack, 4 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-22128844

2014 – Chile – Wildfire in Valaparaíso started, 16 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-27007884

York

627 – Edwin and his two sons, Osfrid and Edrid, baptised at the site of the Minster. http://www.historyofyork.org.uk/themes/anglo-saxon/the-first-minster

1706 – Four Day Stage Coach service to London started, from the Black Swan in Coney Street.

1792 – Spence Boughton, John Lucas, Thomas Stearman, Thomas Crawshaw and Joseph Brierly were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1793 – William Atkinson, Richard Watson and Thomas Jewet were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1794 – William Waddington was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1800 – John McWilliam, Sarah Bayley and William Dalrymple were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1817 – Dr. Diering and Benjamin Gartside were executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

1823 – James Ramsden and Robert Gell were executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1976 – It was proposed that public conveniences at Baile Hill, Blue Bridge Lane, Dennis Street, Fourth Avenue, Melrosegate, Micklegate Bar & Walmgate Bar be closed.